Thursday, February 21, 2013

A False Trade-off: Heart vs Mind

This is a popular image of a trade-off between emotional and rational selfs. Traditionally, people believe that when we think without emotions we think logically and rationally. In "Thinking Fast and Slow," Daniel Kahneman shows that this view is wrong. Our minds (and hearts) have two modes of thinking: intuitive (System 1) and deliberate (System 2). System 1 likes "jumping to conclusions" based on cursory analysis and/or previous experiences; System 2 likes to evaluate evidence in a slow, systematic manner. System 1, either emotional or not, tends to make "stupid" mistakes when we face a intuitively easy problem.
For example, more than half of Princeton students gave a wrong (intuitive) answer to this problem:
A bat and a ball cost $1.10 in total. The bat costs $1 more than the ball. How much does the ball cost?
Not surprisingly, high IQ correlates with patience.  Maybe this is the reason we confuse (intuitively) patience with Mind.

tags: creativity, trade-off, psychology,

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